Lou Jiwei Labor Law is not conducive to improving total factor productivity-aspack

Lou Jiwei: Labor Law is not conducive to improve the total factor productivity "China Economic 50 people forum 2016 annual meeting" will be held in Beijing in February 19th. This is Lou Jiwei, Minister of finance. (photo source: Sina Finance) Sina Financial News "China economy 50 people forum 2016 annual meeting" will be held in Beijing in February 19th. Lou Jiwei, Minister of finance, attended and spoke. Lou Jiwei believes that the labor contract law constraint on the enterprise, largely reduces the flexibility of the labor market, is not conducive to the improvement of total factor productivity, and ultimately lead to labor productivity is too low. Lou Jiwei: my speech is about raising the flexibility of the labor market and total factor productivity. The topic doesn’t match me very much. I’ll talk about the front. In the past 1981-2012 years, China, the United States and Japan proposed that the contribution rate of TFP to economic growth was 40%, 43% and 35%, respectively, and we were higher than japan. We have seen some labor productivity stagnant countries in the world, we do not think too, actually improve is very fast, such as Japan, Japan 1995-2000, 2001-2005, from 2006-2010, the total factor productivity is 30%, 66%, to improve the economic growth of 70%, the total factor productivity of Japan is increasing. Under the new normal, we increase the total factor productivity. We say that the labor contract law is likely to have problems with constraints, the labor contract law on the enterprise, reflected the legislative and judicial level, eventually greatly reduced our labor market flexibility, is not conducive to the improvement of total factor productivity, resulting in low labor productivity. The rigid wage growth is divorced from labor productivity, the first is that the current employment system is divorced from labor productivity, and wage rigidity rises. The last ten years, especially in the last eight years, more than two or three percentage points of wage labor productivity, making our competitiveness increasingly inadequate, the actual work is the generation of flexible employment, not long-term development. The distortion of the law makes the employment system in this area greatly withdraw the productive forces. We are always talking about rising wages, but it’s too early to retire. Now enterprises must sign a long-term contract, but in terms of enterprises, if I do not have an order, I will have a holiday, orders, and then come back. A new labor force is declining, resulting in a decline in the labor market and a great harm to the low skilled labor force. In addition, enterprises will need to pay a large amount of training cost to make non-technical employees become technical employees. Now the most important thing is the technical staff, and the situation is that the enterprise trained the staff, and he left. If the enterprise says that if employees have to pay a lot of money to go, skilled workers are difficult to recruit. Wage growth reduces the willingness to invest in the labor market. The rate of students’ out of school is rising, and the workers are unwilling to give up the training of the current income, so the system of labor dispatch workers comes out. Wage collective bargaining should be carried out inside enterprises. What should I do? I think the next step should be to ensure the flexibility of the labor market, and on the other hand, we can’t say that.

楼继伟:劳动法不利于提高全要素生产率   “中国经济50人论坛2016年年会”定于2月19日在北京召开。上图为财政部部长楼继伟。(图片来源:新浪财经)   新浪财经讯 “中国经济50人论坛2016年年会”定于2月19日在北京召开。财政部部长楼继伟出席并演讲。   楼继伟认为,劳动合同法对企业的约束,很大程度上降低了劳动力市场的灵活性,不利于全要素生产率的提高,最终导致劳动生产率太低。   以下为演讲实录:   楼继伟:我的发言题目是关于提高劳动力市场灵活性和全要素生产率,题目和我不太搭配,我就讲讲前面的。   1981-2012年,中国、美国、日本提出全要素生产率对经济增长的贡献率分别是40%、43%和35%,我们比日本高。我们看到国际上有一些劳动生产力停滞的国家,我们认为不太行,实际上提高还是挺快的,比如说日本,日本1995-2000年,2001-2005年,从2006-2010年,全要素生产率的提高对经济增长的提高是30%、66%,70%,日本全要素生产率正不断提高。   我们在新常态下,全要素生产率提高。我们说劳动合同法可能是有问题的,劳动合同法对企业的约束,立法和司法层面上有所体现,最终很大程度降低了我国劳动力市场的灵活性,不利于全要素生产率的提高,最终导致劳动生产率太低。   工资刚性增长脱离劳动生产率   首先是现行的用工制度脱离劳动生产率,工资刚性上涨。最近十年,特别是最近八年,工资超过劳动生产率两三个百分点,使得我们竞争力越来越不足,实际上代工制是灵活用工,不可能长期发展。法律造成的扭曲,使这方面的用工制度,使生产力极大的退出。我们老讲工资上涨,但是退的太早了。   现在企业必须签订长期合同,但从企业来讲,如果我没有订单了我就放假,有订单了再招回来。再一个新进入的劳动力数量减少造成劳动力市场下滑,对于低技能劳动力损害很大。   再一个,降低企业人力资本投资的意愿,企业需要支付大量的培训成本,使非技术员工成为技术员工。现在企业最需的是技术员工,而情况是,企业把员工培养好了他就走了。如果企业说,如果员工要走就要支付大量的费用,则技能工人很难招。工资增长降低劳动力市场投资的意愿。学生失学率上升,工人不愿意放弃当前收入培训,所以出来了劳动派遣工的制度。企业内部应该推行工资集体谈判。   怎么办呢?我认为下一步应该保证劳动力市场的灵活性,再有一方面,不能说就是劳动合同法造成的,人没有落户的可能性,企业不愿意培训。如果有动力的话,应该把职业培训和企业结合起来,这样能提高劳动生产率。   新浪声明:所有会议实录均为现场速记整理,未经演讲者审阅,新浪网登载此文出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其描述。相关的主题文章: